town is the gateway to the abode of Gods. The mythological
and religious importance of Hardwar is well known. The 'Kumbh'
and the 'Ardh Kumbh' fairs are held periodically, every
twelveth and sixth year in Hardwar, when a large number
of pilgrims and devotees converge to commemorate this divine
According to astrologers, the 'Kumbh Fair' takes place when
the planet Jupiter enters Aquarius and the Sun enters Aries.
According to mythology, 'Devas' (Gods) and 'Asuras' (Demons)
churned the ocean to obtain Nectar and when the coveted
'Kumbha' (pitcher) of Nectar (Amrita) which gave immortality
was obtained from the depths of ocean, one of the 'Devas'
whisked away the 'Kumbha' from the 'Asuras' and evading
from the 'Asuras', stopped at four places viz. Hardwar,
Allahabad (Prayag), Nasik and Ujjain before he finally arrived
into the safety of heaven. A few drops of Nectar are supposed
to have spilled over on the water at these four places and
sages, saints and pilgrims started periodically to flock
to each of these 'Tirthas' to celebrate the divine event.
In fact , it is a unique event that blends religious and
social features alike.
Hardwar stands as the gateway to the four pilgrimages of
Uttaranchal. Geographically and geological, Hardwar, lying
at the feet of Shiva's hills, i.e., Shivaliks, in the Hardwar
district of Uttaranchal Pradesh, is a doorway. Suryavanshi
prince Bhagirath performed penance here to salvage the souls
of his ancestors who had perished due to the curse of sage
Kapila. The penance was answered and the river Ganga trickled
forth form Lord Shiva's locks and its bountiful water revived
the sixty thousand sons of king Sagara. In the traditional
of Bhagirath, devout Hindus stand in the sacred waters here,
praying for salvation of their departed elder. It is doorway
to the sources of the Ganga and the Yamuna, 3000 to 4500
meters up into the snowy ranges of the central Himalayas.
The 'Aarti' worship of the Ganga after sunset and the floating
'dia' (lamp) is a moving ritual.
Area : 12,302 sq.kms.
Altitude : 294.7 mts.
· Summer : 40.9-15.6 Degree Cel.
· Winter : 16.6-06
· Summer : Cotton
· Winter : Woolen
Best Season : Round
S.T.D Code : 01334
Hardwar is a pilgrimage center and visitors come here to
visit the temples so as such there is no particular item
which can be recommended to be bought here. But Hardwar
offers you some good handicraft items which can be kept
as decorative pieces or can be used as gift items. In the
markets surrounding the temples, one can find jewelery imitations
which are very popular among the devotees. The bangles,
chains, ear and nose rings are some items which can be bough
there. Then the shops also have items made of stone. From
Rishikesh Ganga enters the plains and in all this area it
sheds its load of stones which are not only polished naturally
but come out in amazing shapes and sizes. These stone are
used to make small idols which are very neatly, delicately
and intricately carved. Look out for Kitchen set toys made
from stone. You can also get some items of talk stone. The
main shopping centers are Moti Bazar, Upper Raod, Jwalapur,
Kankhal. The UP handloom Emporium is near the Bharat Mata
temple and the government Emporium, Gandhi Ashram is near
the Hardwar post office.
ki Pauri :
This sacred Ghat was was constructed by kind Vikramaditya
in memory of his brother Bhatrihari. It is believed that
Bhatrihari eventually came to Hardwar to meditate by the
banks of holy Ganga. When he died, his brother constructed
a Ghat in his name which later came to be known as Har-Ki-Pauri.
This sacred bathing ghat is also known as Brahamakund. The
reflection of golden hues of floral diyas in the river river
Ganga is the most enchanting sight in the twilight during
the Ganga ceremony. The riverbank temple her is hallowed
by the imprint of god Hari's foot print. The ghat is regarded
the most sacred in Hardwar and this is the most auspicious
point to bathe in the Ganga during the 12 year Kumbh and
the 6 year Ardh Kumbh.
Rishi Ashram and Sapt Sarovar :
According to legend the seven sages- Kashyap, Vashit, Atri,
Vishwamitra, Jaindayani, Bhardwaj and Gautam-were deep in
meditation here. The Ganga, not wanting to disturb them
and facilitating each her easy approach prefer rather split
herself into seven channels around each Rishi.
Devi Temple :
The temple of Goddess Mansa Devi is situated at the top
of Bilwa Parwat. The roapway with its brightly coloured
cable cars take devotees to the old hilltop of Mansa Devi.
Devi Temple :
The temple of Chandi Devi at the top of Neel Parvat on the
other bank of river Ganga was constructed in1929 A.D. by
the King of Kashmir-Suchat Singh. It is 3 kms. trek from
Chandighat. It is believed that the main statue was established
by the Adi Shankaracharya in 8th century Ad. It is situated
at a distance of 6 kms. on Neel Parvat on the other bank
of the main Ganga river.
Devi Temple :
This is an ancient temple of Maya Devi the Adhisthatri deity
of Hardwar, known as one of the Siddhapethas. Said to be
the places where the hearts and navel of Goddess Sati had
Mahadev Temple :
The ancient temple of Daksha Mahadev is situated in the
south Kankhal town. The mythological story about this place
is that kind Daksha Prajapati, father of Sati (Lord Shiva's
first wife) performed yagya at this place. Daksha Prajapati
did not invite Lord Shiva and Sati felt insulted. Therefore
she burned herself in the yagya kund. This incident provoked
the disciples and followers of Mahadev who killed King Daksha,
but later on Lord Mahadev brought him back to life. Daksha
Mahadev temple is thus a tribute to this legend.
Bilkeshwar Mahadev; PawanDham; Bhooma Niketan; Vaishnav
Devi Temple; Bharat Mata Mandir; Doodhadhari Temple; Shahi
Gurudwara; Jairam Ashram.