is 34 Km from Kathgodam, the gateway of Kumaon and the terminus
of North Eastern Railway. It is 304 km from Delhi, capital
of India, and 388 km from Lucknow. According to the District
Gazetteer Nainital is situated at 29 degree 24' north latitude
and 79 degree 28' east longitude, in a valley of the Gagar
range running east and west, which is bounded on the north
by the peak of China, which rises to a height of 8.568 feet,
continued by the Alma peak (presently known as Snow-View)
and the Sher-Ka-Danda to the eastern extremity, where the
ridge descends almost to the level of the lake. On the west
the rugged hill of Deopatha rises to a height of 7,987 feet,
and on the south Ayarpatha attains an elevation of 7,461
feet diminishing gradually towards the east.
While the intervening portion between these two hills is
a mass of rocks piled up loosely together which goes by
the name of Handi Bandi, and is formed of the transition
limestone of Mussoorie. exhibiting every where vast rents,
fissures and boulders of all sizes and shapes. The eastern
boundary is the pass through which the surplus water of
the lake find an exit, forming the principal source of the
Ballia river, which falls into the Gola near Ranibagh. The
western end of the valley consists of a series of gentle
undulations formed by the debris of the surrounding hills.
Thus Nainital is situated at a height of 1939 metres from
sea level & is surrounded by some outstanding peaks
town has the famous lake to which it owes its name. The
surface of this lake has an elevation of 1.935 m above sea
level. Maximum length & breadth being 1,434 m &
The depth of this lake is said to range between a maximum
28 metres and a minimum of 6 metres. Most Important Characteristics
of the town Nainital has some unique features and physical
characteristics. By far the greatest attraction is provided
by the lake Naini. Flowing on the base of rising peaks.
Cheena, Laria-Kanta, Deo- patha, Snow view and others, the
lake presents a view which lingers in memory. All around
the lake is wide road, the Mall, now known as G. B. Pant
Marg, which is crowded by pedestrian and rickshaw traffic.
All this is mirrored up and brightly reflected in the glittering
blue waters of the lake.
Sightseeing at Nainital
Sat Tal: 25 km away, is
a complex of seven natural lakes with good angling prospects.
km away, larger than Naini Lake which sports a beautiful
Naukuchiatal: 27 km away, is a vast nine-cornered lake, pristine and pleasant
where migratory birds gather.
Peak: Approx 6 km away, is the highest point within Nainital and
commands a superb view of the Himalayas.
attractive lake is said to be one of the emerald green eyes
of Shiva's wife, Sati. When Sati's father failed to invite
Shiva to a family sacrifice, she burnt herself to death
in protest. Shiva gathered the charred remains in his arms
and proceeded to engage in a cosmic dance, which threatened
to destroy the world. Vishnu chopped up the body into pieces,
and the remains were scattered across India. The modern
Naina Devi Temple at the northern end of the lake is built
over the precise spot where the eye is believed to have
Season to Visit: Through
out the Year.
Air : Nearest airport
is Pantnagar, 71 kms away, which was serviced by India's
feeder airlines called Vayudoot, which has since been discontinued.
Rail : Since the airport
is not in use, the most convenient way to travel is by train.
The nearest railhead is Kathgodam, located 36 kms from Nainital.
This station is connected on meter gauge directly by rail
to Agra, Lucknow and Bareilly.
Road : The most preferred
mode of travel to this hill destination is by road. It is
connected to Delhi with fairly well maintained motorable
roads, as well as with other towns in Uttar Pradesh.
Almora - 64 kms
Delhi - 318 kms
Ranikhet - 54 kms
Bareilly - 137 kms
Haridwar - 306 kms
Dehradun - 373 kms
Badrinath - 303 kms
Lucknow - 390 kms
Codes Of Nainital
If calling from within India -------------++05942 (local
If calling from outside India --------------++91- 5942 (local
in Nainital -
Nationalised banks which have foreign exchange conversion
facilities are - State Bank of India, Punjab National Bank
and Allahbad bank.
Nainital is famous for its candles, woolens, woodcrafts
and handicrafts. Main Markets are Mallital Bazar, Nallital
Bazar, Tibetan Market and a the markets near Naina Devi