Coverage Area: 52,082 hectares.
Established in: 1936 as a National Park
Originally Names As: Hailey National Park
Renamed As: Corbett National Park In 1957
Declared As: A Tiger Reserve In 1973
The Corbett National Park, where Project Tiger was launched
in 1973, is regarded as India's finest national park and
its major attractions are the Tiger, Indian Elephant and
Leopard.Corbett national park is drained by the Ramganga
river, the dam at Kalagarh forming a huge lake to the west
of the national park. The park is essentially a large low
of hills runs through the middle of the national park, roughly
east to west. The forests are moist deciduous, with Sal
as the dominant tree.Chir Pine trees are to be found on
the higher ridges of the hills. On the low-lying areas riverine
forests, with Shisham and Khair trees, are intermixed with
grasslands known locally as 'Chaurs'.
Tiger (Corbett National Park):
The overage area of the park was 520-sq-kms in 1986, and
a proposed extension of 588-sq-kms is under consideration.
Project Tiger, which was set up with the help of the World
Wildlife Fund, was launched at Dhikala, in the Corbett National
Park on April 1, 1973. This project was aimed at saving
the Indian tiger from extinction. Over 50 mammals, 580 birds
and 25 reptile species have been listed in the Corbett National
Park.The insect life is also astounding, noticeably specially
after the monsoons. But undoubtedly, the jewel of the Corbett
is the Indian tiger. It was estimated that in 1984, the
tiger population was 90 in this national park.
was the former hunting preserve of the Maharaja of Rewa
and at present is a famous natural hub for White Tigers.
White Tigers, in human and cattle population in the beginning
of the 20th century led to the disturbance of this balance,
and the first man-eaters started appearing. Soon the numbers
of these man-eaters increased and Kumaon became famous.
hunter Jim Corbett became famous with his leopard shooting
exploits in this region. In his book "Temple Tiger",
he describes how he killed the Champawat Tiger and the Panar
Leopard, which had hunted 836 human beings in the first
decade of this century. However from 1930s onwards, the
number of tigers fell sharply with the increase in the number
of hunters who belonged to the Indian royals as well British
situation deteriorated rapidly and in 1971, the Indian government
banned the killing of tigers. Project Tiger was started
and the Jim Corbett National Park was formed - the name
honoring the famous hunter of the past.
The Wild Attractions (Corbett National
The Sloth Bear, Himalayan Black Bear, Dhole, Jackal, Yellow
Throated Martem, Himalayan Palm Civet, Indian Grey Mongoose,
Common Otter, Porcupine, Clack-taped Hare are the other
attractions of this area. It is possible to see elephants
all over the park too. There are four species of deer residing
over here. These are the Chital, the well-known Spotted
Deer, Para, Kakka, and the Barking Deer. The Goat Antelopes
are represented by the Ghoral.
is a lot for the bird watchers in this park. It has over
580 species of birds. Most of the water birds are migrant,
and arrive in winters. Some of these are the Greylag, Bar-headed
Goose, Duck, Grepe, Snipe, Sandpiper, Gull and wagtail.
The residents include Darters, Cormorants, Egrets, Herons,
the black-necked Stork and the spur winged Lapwings.
Reptiles, which are residents of this area, are the Gharial,
the rare Fish eating, long - nosed Crocodile, and a few
species of Turtles and Tortoises. The Indian Python, Viper,
Cobra, Krait and King Cobra also inhabit the Corbett National
(Corbett National Park):
As with the rest of the country, there are three well-defined
seasons at the Corbett National Park. winter from November
to February, summer from March to June and the rainy season
the rest of the year.
info (Corbett National Park)
By Air: Phoolbagh,
Pantnagar at a distance of 50 km is the nearest airport.
Delhi at a distance of 300 km is the nearest international
is on the broad gauge track from where the road transport
options have to be availed to reach the park.
is 300 km from Delhi, 145 km from Lucknow and 51 km from
Ramnagar. The route from Delhi spans Hapur-Murababad-Ramnagar.
The turn off is some 7 km beyond Muradabad to the left,
marked by a small board. The route from Lucknow spans Bareilly.
Kichha. Rudrapur. Doraha. Kashipur.